prairie potholes

Legacy ID: 
4 224
Publication Title: 

Vulnerability of breeding waterbirds to climate change in the Prairie Pothole Region, U.S.A.

Authors: 
Steen, V., S.K. Skagen, and B.R. Noon
Publication Date: 
2014
Updated Date (text): 
2014-01-03
Parent Publication Title: 
PLoS ONE
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2014/0053 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

The Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of the north-central U.S. and south-central Canada contains millions of small prairie wetlands that provide critical habitat to many migrating and breeding waterbirds. Due to their small size and the relatively dry climate of the region, these wetlands are considered at high risk for negative climate change effects as temperatures increase. To estimate the potential impacts of climate change on breeding waterbirds, we predicted current and future distributions of species common in the PPR using species distribution models (SDMs). We created regional-scale SDMs for the U.S. PPR using Breeding Bird Survey occurrence records for 1971–2011 and wetland, upland, and climate variables. For each species, we predicted current distribution based on climate records for 1981–2000 and projected future distributions to climate scenarios for 2040–2049. Species were projected to, on average, lose almost half their current habitat (-46%). However, individual species projections varied widely, from +8% (Upland Sandpiper) to -100% (Wilson's Snipe). Variable importance ranks indicated that land cover (wetland and upland) variables were generally more important than climate variables in predicting species distributions. However, climate variables were relatively more important during a drought period. Projected distributions of species responses to climate change contracted within current areas of distribution rather than shifting. Given the large variation in species-level impacts, we suggest that climate change mitigation efforts focus on species projected to be the most vulnerable by enacting targeted wetland management, easement acquisition, and restoration efforts.

Publication Title: 

Modeling sediment accumulation in North American playa wetland in response to climate change, 1940-2100: summary

Authors: 
Burris, L. and S.K. Skagen
Updated Date (text): 
2013-12-30
Parent Publication Title: 
Plains and Prairie Pothole Landscape Conservation Cooperative Website
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Land-Use Change, Economics, and Rural Well-Being in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States

Authors: 
Gascoigne, W.R., D.L.K. Hoag, R.R. Johnson, L.M. Koontz, and C.C. Thomas
Publication Date: 
2013
Updated Date (text): 
2013-02-27
Parent Publication Title: 
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2013/0058 FORT

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Project update for the Plains and Prairie Pothole Landscape Conservation Cooperative website

Authors: 
Skagen, S.K.
Updated Date (text): 
2013-01-22
Parent Publication Title: 
Plains and Prairie Pothole Landscape Conservation Cooperative Website
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Using stable isotopes to understand hydrochemical processes in and around a Prairie Pothole wetland in the Northern Great Plains, USA

Authors: 
Mills, C.T., M.B. Goldhaber, C.A. Stricker, J.M. Holloway, J.M. Morrison, K.J. Ellefsen, D.O. Rosenberry, and R.S. Thurston
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2012-03-28
Parent Publication Title: 
Applied Geochemistry
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0155 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

Millions of internally drained wetland systems in the Prairie Potholes region of the northern Great Plains (USA and Canada) provide indispensable habitat for waterfowl and a host of other ecosystem services. The hydrochemistry of these systems is complex and a crucial control on wetland function, flora and fauna. Wetland waters can have high concentrations of SO2_ 4 due to the oxidation of large amounts of pyrite in glacial till that is in part derived from the Pierre shale. Water chemistry including d18OH2O, d2HH2O, and d34SSO4 values, was determined for groundwater, soil pore water, and wetland surface water in and around a discharge wetland in North Dakota. The isotopic data for the first time trace the interaction of processes that affect wetland chemistry, including open water evaporation, plant transpiration, and microbial SO4 reduction.

Publication Title: 

The role of critical zone processes in the evolution of the Prairie Pothole Region wetlands

Authors: 
Goldhaber, M.B., C. Mills, C.A. Stricker, and J.M. Morrison
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2012-03-28
Parent Publication Title: 
Applied Geochemistry
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0154 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

The Prairie Pothole Region, which occupies 900,000 km2 of the north central USA and south central Canada, is one of the most important ecosystems in North America. It is characterized by millions of small wetlands whose chemistry is highly variable over short distances. The study involved the geochemistry of surface sediments, wetland water, and groundwater in the Cottonwood Lakes area of North Dakota, USA, whose 92 ha includes the dominant wetland hydrologic settings. The data show that oxygenated groundwater interacting with pyrite resident in a component of surficial glacial till derived from the marine Pierre Shale Formation has, over long periods of time, focused SO2 4 -bearing fluids from upland areas to topographically low areas...

Publication Title: 

Modeling the dynamic geochemistry of prairie pothole wetlands

Authors: 
Goldhaber, M.B., C.T. Mills, C.A. Stricker, J.W. Labaugh, D. Mushet, and N.H. Euliss
Publication Date: 
2010
Updated Date (text): 
2012-05-30
Parent Publication Title: 
3rd USGS Modeling Conference Denver, CO 7-11 June 2010
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2010/0127 FORT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

The role of critical zone processes in the origin of the Prairie Pothole Region wetlands

Authors: 
Goldhaber, M.B., C.T. Mills, C.A. Stricker, and J.M. Morrison
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2011-12-14
Parent Publication Title: 
Ninth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth’s Surface (GES-9) Boulder, CO 3-7 June 2011
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0138 FORT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Using stable isotopes to understand hydrochemical processes in and around a Prairie Pothole wetland

Authors: 
Mills, C.T., M.B. Goldhaber, C.A. Stricker, J.M. Holloway, J.M. Morrison, K.J. Ellefsen, D.O. Rosenberry, and R.S. Thurston
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2011-12-14
Parent Publication Title: 
Ninth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth’s Surface (GES-9) Boulder, CO 3-7 June 2011
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0139 FORT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Scaling of critical zone processes in the Prairie Pothole region, USA

Authors: 
Goldhaber, M.B., C.T. Mills, J.M. Morrison, and C.A. Stricker
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2012-05-30
Parent Publication Title: 
Goldschmidt 2011
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0135 FORT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 

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