Identifying Patterns of Genetic Divergence and Units for Conservation in the Boreal Toad Species Group (Anaxyrus boreas)

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A Boreal toad in the water. National Park Service photo.
A Boreal toad near a pond. National Park Service photo.

As previous genetic analyses of the boreal toad (particularly in regard to the Eastern Population DPS) have provided inconclusive results that are not sufficient for delineating conservation units, additional research is required that will apply new approaches to identify and delineate groups of boreal toads. DNA sequence data from nuclear and mitochondrial genes combined with new genomic methods using SNPs will refine our understanding of the genetic structure within the Eastern Population and can advance our understanding of taxonomic boundaries and adaptation in the boreal toad. This research is in collaboration with Florida Gulf Coast University and USFWS.