Southern NV Public Land Management Act Pioche/Caselton Wildland Urban Interface Project

Background information.—The Pioche/Caselton Wildland-Urban Interface Project (WUI Project) was conducted by the Bureau of Land Management’s Ely District to reduce the threat of wildfire to the towns of Pioche and Caselton in southeastern Nevada. From 1980 to 2008, 149 wildfires were recorded near Pioche and Caselton and 9 of these fires each burned approximately 3,000 acres. In 2005, the Nevada Community Wildfire Risk/Hazard Assessment for Lincoln County determined that the risk of wildfire for the two towns was “extreme” (Resource Concepts, Inc., 2005). That report recommended implementing large fuels reduction treatments in order to reduce the risk of wildfire to Pioche and Caselton. In response, the Ely District was awarded funding ... Show More

Background information.—The Pioche/Caselton Wildland-Urban Interface Project (WUI Project) was conducted by the Bureau of Land Management’s Ely District to reduce the threat of wildfire to the towns of Pioche and Caselton in southeastern Nevada. From 1980 to 2008, 149 wildfires were recorded near Pioche and Caselton and 9 of these fires each burned approximately 3,000 acres. In 2005, the Nevada Community Wildfire Risk/Hazard Assessment for Lincoln County determined that the risk of wildfire for the two towns was “extreme” (Resource Concepts, Inc., 2005). That report recommended implementing large fuels reduction treatments in order to reduce the risk of wildfire to Pioche and Caselton. In response, the Ely District was awarded funding for the Pioche/Caselton WUI Project from the Southern Nevada Public Lands Management Act, which allows the U.S. Department of the Interior to utilize revenue from the sale of Federal land in Nevada for restoration and capital improvement projects. The WUI Project was designed to lower the threat of wildfire to communities and infrastructure by reducing the canopy cover and fuel continuity of pinyon, juniper, and shrub species on 1,770 acres of public land. The WUI Project utilized a combination of manual and mechanical methods to reduce the fuel load within the project area, including hand thinning by chainsaw, mowing, chaining, and tree mastication. Other elements of this project include the prescribed burning of slash piles and the use of aerial seeding to promote growth of desirable grass species. Results of this project include a reduction in wildfire risk to the towns of Pioche and Caselton and a higher quality and more diverse vegetative community of forbs, grass, and shrubs across the landscape.

The U.S. Geological Survey collected data on restoration activities and expenditures to estimate the economic activity supported by this project. Background information for the Pioche/Caselton Wildland-Urban Interface Project was obtained from Kyle Teel, BLM, written commun., 2015; and the BLM’s Website at http://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/snplma/snplma_prephase_1.html.
 
Economic impacts.—The Pioche/Caselton WUI project began in 2012 and ran through 2013, and had a total cost $496,000 (2014 dollars). Approximately 15 percent of project expenditures was made within the local economy, which supported an estimated 1.0 job-year; $79,000 in labor income; $75,000 in value added; and $119,000 in economic output within the local economy. Expanding to include the effects both local and nonlocal expenditures, this project supported an estimated 9.7 job-years; $572,000 in labor income; $688,000 in value added; and $1,198,000 in economic output in the Western States economy. 

References Cited
Resource Concepts, Inc., 2005, Nevada community wildfire risk/hazard assessment project, Lincoln County: Resource Concepts, Inc., accessed May 13, 2015, at http://www.rci-nv.com/reports/lincoln/toc.html. Show Less

Contact(s): Catherine M Cullinane Thomas, Christopher C Huber.

Overview

Project Period: 2012-2013

Location: Nevada

Restoration Type: Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Economic Impacts
Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $496,000


Job-Years: 9.7 (19.6 per $1M)

Labor Income: $572,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $688,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $1,198,000 ($2.4M per $1M)

Local Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Local Project Expenditures: $72,000

Percent of Project Expenditures Spent Locally: 15%

Local Job-Years: 1

Local Labor Income: $79,000

Local Value Added: $75,000

Local Economic Output: $119,000

Big Picture
Main Project: Southern NV Public Land Management Act Restoration
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