Rocky Mountain Center for Conservation Genetics and Systematics

Product Type: 

Fact Sheet

Year: 

2005

Author(s): 

Oyler-McCance, S.J., and T.W. Quinn

Suggested Citation: 

Oyler-McCance, S.J., and T.W. Quinn. 2005. Rocky Mountain Center for Conservation Genetics and Systematics. Fact Sheet 2005-3138. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Geological Survey. 2 p.

The use of molecular genetic tools has become increasingly important in addressing conservation issues pertaining to plants and animals. Genetic information can be used to augment studies of population dynamics and population viability, investigate systematic, refine taxonomic definitions, investigate population structure and gene flow, and document genetic diversity in a variety of plant and animal species. Further, genetic techniques are being used to investigate mating systems through paternity analysis, and analyze ancient DNA samples from museum specimens, and estimate population size and survival rates using DNA as a unique marker. Such information is essential for the sound management of small, isolated populations of concern and is currently being used by universities, zoos, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and numerous state fish and wildlife agencies…