Regional economic impacts of current and proposed management alternatives for Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge
Product Type:Open-file Report
Author(s):Richardson, L., C. Huber, and L. Koontz
Suggested Citation:Richardson, L., C. Huber, and L. Koontz. 2012. Regional economic impacts of current and proposed management alternatives for Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge. Open-File Report 2012–1094. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey. 19 p.
The National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 requires all units of the National Wildlife Refuge System to be managed under a Comprehensive Conservation Plan. The Comprehensive Conservation Plan must describe the desired future conditions of a Refuge and provide long-range guidance and management direction to achieve refuge purposes. The Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge, located at the south end of California’s San Francisco Bay and one of seven refuges in the San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Complex, is in the process of developing a range of management goals, objectives, and strategies for the Comprehensive Conservation Plan. The Comprehensive Conservation Plan must contain an analysis of expected effects associated with current and proposed Refuge management strategies.
For Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan planning, a regional economic analysis provides a means of estimating how current management (No Action Alternative) and proposed management activities (alternatives) affect the local economy. This type of analysis provides two critical pieces of information:
- it illustrates the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge’s contribution to the local community, and
- it can help in determining whether economic effects are or are not a real concern in choosing among management alternatives.
This report first presents a description of the local community and economy near the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Next, the methods used to conduct a regional economic impact analysis are described. An analysis of the final Comprehensive Conservation Plan management strategies that could affect stakeholders, residents, and the local economy is then presented. The management activities of economic concern in this analysis are:
- Spending in the local community by Refuge visitors;
- Refuge personnel salary spending; and
- Refuge purchases of goods and services within the local community