North Carolina

Legacy ID: 
37
State Code: 
NC
Country Code: 
USA
Area: 
49 048.00
Latitude: 
35.55
Longitude: 
-79.40
Publication Title: 

Modeling suitable habitat of invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) in North and South America’s coastal waters

FORT Contact: 
Catherine Jarnevich
Authors: 
Evangelista P.H., N.E. Young, P.J. Schofield, C.S. Jarnevich
Related Staff: 
Catherine Jarnevich
Publication Date: 
2016
Parent Publication Title: 
Aquatic Invasions
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 

Pub Abstract: 

We used two common correlative species-distribution models to predict suitable habitat of invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) in the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans. The Generalized Linear Model (GLM) and the Maximum Entropy (Maxent) model were applied using the Software for Assisted Habitat Modeling. We compared models developed using native occurrences, using non-native occurrences, and using both native and non-native occurrences. Models were trained using occurrence data collected before 2010 and evaluated with occurrence data collected from the invaded range during or after 2010. We considered a total of 22 marine environmental variables. Models built with non-native only or both native and non-native occurrence data outperformed those that used only native occurrences. Evaluation metrics based on the independent test data were highest for models that used both native and non-native occurrences. Bathymetry was the strongest environmental predictor for all models and showed increasing suitability as ocean floor depth decreased, with salinity ranking the second strongest predictor for models that used native and both native and non-native occurrences, indicating low habitat suitability for salinities <30. Our model results also suggest that red lionfish could continue to invade southern latitudes in the western Atlantic Ocean and may establish localized populations in the eastern Pacific Ocean. We reiterate the importance in the choice of the training data source (native, non-native, or native/non-native) used to develop correlative species distribution models for invasive species.

Publication Title: 

ASPN – Assessing Socioeconomic Planning Needs (v.1)

FORT Contact: 
Lance Everette
Authors: 
Richardson, L., A.L. Everette, S. Dawson
Related Staff: 
Leslie Richardson
Lance Everette
Jessica Montag
Lynne Koontz
Kate Peterson
Sebastien Nicoud
Publication Date: 
2015
Updated Date (text): 
2012-06-22
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2012/0049 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

ASPN is a Web-based decision tool that assists natural resource managers and planners in identifying and prioritizing social and economic planning issues, and provides guidance on appropriate social and economic methods to address their identified issues.

  • ASPN covers the breadth of issues facing natural resource management agencies so it is widely applicable for various resources, plans, and projects.
  • ASPN also realistically accounts for budget and planning time constraints by providing estimated costs and time lengths needed for each of the possible social and economic methods.

ASPN is a valuable starting point for natural resource managers and planners to start working with their agencies’ social and economic specialists. Natural resource management actions have social and economic effects that often require appropriate analyses. Additionally, in the United States, Federal agencies are legally mandated to follow guidance under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which requires addressing social and economic effects for actions that may cause biophysical impacts. Most natural resource managers and planners lack training in understanding the full range of potential social and economic effects of a management decision as well as an understanding of the variety of methods and analyses available to address these effects. Thus, ASPN provides a common framework which provides consistency within and across natural resource management agencies to assist in identification of pertinent social and economic issues while also allowing the social and economic analyses to be tailored to best meet the needs of the specific plan or project.

ASPN can be used throughout a planning process or be used as a tool to identify potential issues that may be applicable to future management actions. ASPN is useful during the pre-scoping phase as a tool to start thinking about potential social and economic issues as well as to identify potential stakeholders who may be affected. Thinking about this early in the planning process can help with outreach efforts and with understanding the cost and time needed to address the potential social and economic effects. One can use ASPN during the scoping and post-scoping phases as a way to obtain guidance on how to address issues that stakeholders identified. ASPN can also be used as a monitoring tool to identify whether new social and economic issues arise after a management action occurs.

ASPN is developed through a collaborative research effort between the USGS Fort Collins Science Center’s (FORT) Social and Economic Analysis (SEA) Branch and the U.S. Forest Service, the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  ASPN’s technical development is led by the USGS FORT’s Information Science Branch.  An updated release, which will extend ASPN’s functionality and incorporate feature improvements identified in ongoing usability testing, is currently in the planning stages.

Publication Title: 

White-nose Syndrome Disease Tracking System (v.1)

FORT Contact: 
Lance Everette
Authors: 
Everette, A.L., P.M. Cryan, and K. Peterson
Related Staff: 
Lance Everette
Paul Cryan
Kate Peterson
Publication Date: 
2012
Updated Date (text): 
2012-12-28
Parent Publication Title: 
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2012/0134 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

A Devastating Disease

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is an emerging and devastating disease of hibernating bats in North America. WNS is caused by a cold-growing fungus (Geomyces destructans) that infects the skin of hibernating bats during winter and causes life-threatening alterations in physiology and behavior. WNS has spread rapidly across the eastern United States and Canada since it was first documented in New York in the winter of 2006.  This new disease is causing mass mortality and detrimentally affecting most of the 6 species of bats that hibernate in the northeastern United States. Particularly hard-hit are the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus), northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis), eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii), and federally endangered Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). Several more species are also now known to be exposed to the fungus in the Midwest and Southeast. The sudden and widespread mortality associated with white-nose syndrome is unprecedented in any of the world’s bats and is a cause for international concern as the fungus and the disease spread farther north, south, and west.  Loss of these long-lived insect-eating bats could have substantial adverse effects on agriculture and forestry through loss of natural pest-control services.

Tracking a Deadly Disease

Because WNS is spreading so rapidly, field surveillance data and diagnostic samples must be managed efficiently so that critical information can be communicated quickly among State and Federal land managers, as well as the public. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which plays a primary role in coordinating the Federal response to WNS, worked with the USGS Fort Collins Science Center’s Web Applications Team to develop the White-nose Syndrome Disease Tracking System. Version 1.0 of this system, released for Beta testing in May 2011, addresses two critical objectives:

  • enable state-level resource managers to effectively manage WNS field and laboratory data, and
  • provide customizable map and data reports of surveillance findings. The WNS Disease Tracking System subsequently was demonstrated to resource managers involved in the WNS response, and system users are assisting with in-depth testing. Once resource-management users are all trained (autumn 2011), they will begin populating the system with surveillance data, much of which will be immediately available to the public.

WNS version 1.0 was released into production in November, 2011 and state points-of-contact are currently being trainined. New users are providing ciritical feedback for WNS version 2.0, which is currently being planned with Fish and Wildlife Region 5 and the National White-nose Syndrome Data Management Team.

Key System Components

  • Disease Tracking: Customizable disease tracking maps and data exports for all U.S. states and counties
  • Disease Reporting: Tissue sample database management for authorized resource managers as well as a publicly accessible database of disease reporting contacts for all U.S. States and Federal resource management agencies
  • Diagnostic Labs:  Directory of laboratories involved in white-nose syndrome diagnostic analyses
Publication Title: 

A new species of Perlesta (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from North Carolina with additional records for North Carolina and Virginia

FORT Contact: 
Robert Zuellig
Authors: 
Kondratieff, B.C., R.E. Zuellig, and D.R. Lenat
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2011-12-06
Parent Publication Title: 
Illiesia
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0133 FORT
Topics: 

Pub Abstract: 

Twenty-eight species of Nearctic Perlesta are currently recognized (Stark 1989, 2004; Kondratieff et al. 2006, 2008; Grubbs and DeWalt 2008, Grubbs and DeWalt 2011, Kondratieff and Myers 2011). Interestingly, but needing confirmation, Perlesta has been recently recorded from Central America (Gutiérrez-Fonseca and Springer 2011). Continued collecting and study of Perlesta from North Carolina by the authors revealed one additional undescribed species. Ten species of Perlesta currently have been recorded from North Carolina (Stark 1989, 2004, Kondratieff et al. 2006, 2008, Grubbs and DeWalt 2008). Additionally, new Perlesta species records are given for Virginia. The terminology used in the description of the male adult follows Stark (1989, 2004).

Publication Title: 

Distribution of Neoperla (Plecoptera: Perlidae) in North Carolina, with new state records for three species

FORT Contact: 
Robert Zuellig
Authors: 
Lenat, D.R., R.E. Zuellig, B.C. Kondratieff, and S.R. Beaty
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2009
Updated Date (text): 
2011-01-04
Parent Publication Title: 
Illiesia
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2009/0148 FORT
Topics: 

Pub Abstract: 

Three new state records of Neoperla were collected as adults, N. catharae, N. coosa, and N. stewarti. Mapping of nymphal data (at the genus level) indicated that Neoperla occurs throughout most of the state, but it is absent from the mountains and the northern upper coastal plain. Neoperla occurs mainly in smaller streams in the western Piedmont ecoregion, but occurs mainly in rivers in the eastern part of the state. Up to three species were found to coexist at some sites.

Publication Title: 

Summary and analysis of the U.S. government Bat Banding Program

FORT Contact: 
Laura Ellison
Authors: 
Ellison, L.E
Related Staff: 
Laura Ellison
Publication Date: 
2008
Updated Date (text): 
2012-01-13
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2008/0132 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

This report summarizes the U.S. Government Bat Banding Program (BBP) from 1932 to 1972. More than 2 million bands were issued during the program, of which approximately 1.5 million bands were applied to 36 bat species by scientists in many locations in North America including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Central America. Throughout the BBP, banders noticed numerous and deleterious effects on bats, leading to a moratorium on bat banding by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and a resolution to cease banding by the American Society of Mammalogists in 1973. One of the main points of the memorandum written to justify the moratorium was to conduct a "detailed evaluation of the files of the bat-banding program." However, a critical and detailed evaluation of the BBP was never completed. In an effort to satisfy this need, I compiled a detailed history of the BBP by examining the files and conducting a literature review on bat banding activities during the program. I also provided a case study in managing data and applying current mark-recapture theory to estimate survival using the information from a series of bat bands issued to Clyde M. Senger during the BBP. The majority of bands applied by Senger were to Townsend's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii), a species of special concern for many states within its geographic range. I developed a database management system for the bat banding records and then analyzed and modeled survival of hibernating Townsend's big-eared bats at three main locations in Washington State using Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) open models and the modeling capabilities of Program MARK. This analysis of a select dataset in the BBP files provided relatively precise estimates of survival for wintering Townsend's big-eared bats. However, this dataset is unique due to its well-maintained and complete state and because there were high recapture rates over the course of banding; it is doubtful that other unpublished datasets of the same quality exist buried in the BBP files for further analyses. Lastly, I make several recommendations based on the findings of this summary and analysis, the most important of which is that marking bats with standard metal or split-ring forearm bands should not be considered for mark-recapture studies unless the information sought and the potential for obtaining unbiased estimates from that information vastly outweighs the potential negative effects to the bats.

Publication Title: 

Two new species of Perlesta (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from eastern North America

FORT Contact: 
Robert Zuellig
Authors: 
Kondratieff, B.C., R.E. Zuellig, R.F. Kirchner, and D.R. Lenat
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2008
Updated Date (text): 
2008-10-01
Parent Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2008/0093 FORT

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Description of the adults of Maccaffertium lenati (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae), notes on its ecology and distribution, and a new North Carolina record for Isonychia arida (Ephemeroptera: Isonychiidae)

FORT Contact: 
Robert Zuellig
Authors: 
Kondratieff, B.C., R.E. Zuellig, and D.R. Lenat
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2006
Updated Date (text): 
2008-02-01
Parent Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2006/0146 FORT

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

A new species of Tallaperla (Plecoptera: Peltoperlidae) from North Carolina, U.S.A

FORT Contact: 
Megan Eberhardt Frank
Authors: 
Kondratieff, B. C., R. E. Zuellig, R. F. Kirchner, and D. R. Lenat
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2007
Updated Date (text): 
2009-01-09
Parent Publication Title: 
Entomological News
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2007/0088 FORT
Topics: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Three new species of Perlesta (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from eastern North American and notes on new state records

FORT Contact: 
Robert Zuellig
Authors: 
Kondratieff, B.C., R.E. Zuellig, R.F. Kirchner, and D.R. Lenat
Related Staff: 
Robert Zuellig
Publication Date: 
2006
Updated Date (text): 
2008-01-25
Parent Publication Title: 
Illiesia
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2006/0143 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

Three new species of the Nearctic Perlidae genus Perlesta are described from North Carolina and Virginia, USA. Perlesta leathermani sp. n. is described from Hoke/Moore County, North Carolina, P. bjostadi, sp. n. from the Harnett/Cumberland Co., North Carolina, and P. cranshawi sp. n. is described from Sussex Co., Virginia. The adult male, adult female, and egg are described and illustrated for P. leathermani and P. cranshawi, and the adult male and adult female for P. bjostadi. Three new state records for North Carolina are also reported, P. puttmanni Kondratieff and Kirchner, P. roblei Kondratieff and Kirchner and Perlinella zwicki Kondratieff, Kirchner, and Stewart.

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