Hawaii

Legacy ID: 
13
State Code: 
HI
Country Code: 
USA
Area: 
6 380.61
Latitude: 
20.24
Longitude: 
-156.33

USGS Rapid Response Team Keeps Snake Responders on Their Toes

Adam Knox, the Guam-based Coordinator of the USGS Brown Treesnake Rapid Response Team, was contacted by Maui News, a local news outlet in Hawaii. The reporter was covering a recent Brown Treesnake Rapid Response Team training course held on Guam that was attended by three members of the Maui Invasive Species Committee. Knox trained snake responders, provided information on how to identify, search for, and trap invasive reptiles, and educated the group on impacts of invasive snakes to the environment and public safety.

Publication Title: 

ASPN – Assessing Socioeconomic Planning Needs (v.1)

FORT Contact: 
Lance Everette
Authors: 
Richardson, L., A.L. Everette, S. Dawson
Related Staff: 
Leslie Richardson
Lance Everette
Jessica Montag
Lynne Koontz
Kate Peterson
Sebastien Nicoud
Publication Date: 
2015
Updated Date (text): 
2012-06-22
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2012/0049 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

ASPN is a Web-based decision tool that assists natural resource managers and planners in identifying and prioritizing social and economic planning issues, and provides guidance on appropriate social and economic methods to address their identified issues.

  • ASPN covers the breadth of issues facing natural resource management agencies so it is widely applicable for various resources, plans, and projects.
  • ASPN also realistically accounts for budget and planning time constraints by providing estimated costs and time lengths needed for each of the possible social and economic methods.

ASPN is a valuable starting point for natural resource managers and planners to start working with their agencies’ social and economic specialists. Natural resource management actions have social and economic effects that often require appropriate analyses. Additionally, in the United States, Federal agencies are legally mandated to follow guidance under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which requires addressing social and economic effects for actions that may cause biophysical impacts. Most natural resource managers and planners lack training in understanding the full range of potential social and economic effects of a management decision as well as an understanding of the variety of methods and analyses available to address these effects. Thus, ASPN provides a common framework which provides consistency within and across natural resource management agencies to assist in identification of pertinent social and economic issues while also allowing the social and economic analyses to be tailored to best meet the needs of the specific plan or project.

ASPN can be used throughout a planning process or be used as a tool to identify potential issues that may be applicable to future management actions. ASPN is useful during the pre-scoping phase as a tool to start thinking about potential social and economic issues as well as to identify potential stakeholders who may be affected. Thinking about this early in the planning process can help with outreach efforts and with understanding the cost and time needed to address the potential social and economic effects. One can use ASPN during the scoping and post-scoping phases as a way to obtain guidance on how to address issues that stakeholders identified. ASPN can also be used as a monitoring tool to identify whether new social and economic issues arise after a management action occurs.

ASPN is developed through a collaborative research effort between the USGS Fort Collins Science Center’s (FORT) Social and Economic Analysis (SEA) Branch and the U.S. Forest Service, the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  ASPN’s technical development is led by the USGS FORT’s Information Science Branch.  An updated release, which will extend ASPN’s functionality and incorporate feature improvements identified in ongoing usability testing, is currently in the planning stages.

Publication Title: 

White-nose Syndrome Disease Tracking System (v.1)

FORT Contact: 
Lance Everette
Authors: 
Everette, A.L., P.M. Cryan, and K. Peterson
Related Staff: 
Lance Everette
Paul Cryan
Kate Peterson
Publication Date: 
2012
Updated Date (text): 
2012-12-28
Parent Publication Title: 
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2012/0134 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

A Devastating Disease

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is an emerging and devastating disease of hibernating bats in North America. WNS is caused by a cold-growing fungus (Geomyces destructans) that infects the skin of hibernating bats during winter and causes life-threatening alterations in physiology and behavior. WNS has spread rapidly across the eastern United States and Canada since it was first documented in New York in the winter of 2006.  This new disease is causing mass mortality and detrimentally affecting most of the 6 species of bats that hibernate in the northeastern United States. Particularly hard-hit are the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus), northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis), eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii), and federally endangered Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). Several more species are also now known to be exposed to the fungus in the Midwest and Southeast. The sudden and widespread mortality associated with white-nose syndrome is unprecedented in any of the world’s bats and is a cause for international concern as the fungus and the disease spread farther north, south, and west.  Loss of these long-lived insect-eating bats could have substantial adverse effects on agriculture and forestry through loss of natural pest-control services.

Tracking a Deadly Disease

Because WNS is spreading so rapidly, field surveillance data and diagnostic samples must be managed efficiently so that critical information can be communicated quickly among State and Federal land managers, as well as the public. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which plays a primary role in coordinating the Federal response to WNS, worked with the USGS Fort Collins Science Center’s Web Applications Team to develop the White-nose Syndrome Disease Tracking System. Version 1.0 of this system, released for Beta testing in May 2011, addresses two critical objectives:

  • enable state-level resource managers to effectively manage WNS field and laboratory data, and
  • provide customizable map and data reports of surveillance findings. The WNS Disease Tracking System subsequently was demonstrated to resource managers involved in the WNS response, and system users are assisting with in-depth testing. Once resource-management users are all trained (autumn 2011), they will begin populating the system with surveillance data, much of which will be immediately available to the public.

WNS version 1.0 was released into production in November, 2011 and state points-of-contact are currently being trainined. New users are providing ciritical feedback for WNS version 2.0, which is currently being planned with Fish and Wildlife Region 5 and the National White-nose Syndrome Data Management Team.

Key System Components

  • Disease Tracking: Customizable disease tracking maps and data exports for all U.S. states and counties
  • Disease Reporting: Tissue sample database management for authorized resource managers as well as a publicly accessible database of disease reporting contacts for all U.S. States and Federal resource management agencies
  • Diagnostic Labs:  Directory of laboratories involved in white-nose syndrome diagnostic analyses
Publication Title: 

Snakes in the wrong places: Gordon Rodda’s career in invasive species research

FORT Contact: 
Juliette Wilson
Authors: 
Wilson, J
Related Staff: 
Juliette Wilson
Gordon Rodda
Publication Date: 
2012
Updated Date (text): 
2012-08-20
Parent Publication Title: 
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2012/0006 FORT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Monitoring behaviors and activity of bats at wind turbines with near infrared videography

FORT Contact: 
Paul Cryan
Authors: 
Cryan, P.M., P.M. Gorresen, F.J. Bonaccorso, and M.A. Hayes
Related Staff: 
Paul Cryan
Mark Hayes
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2011-12-29
Parent Publication Title: 
41st Annual meeting of the North American Society for Bat Research Toronto, Canada 26-30 October, 2011
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0143 FORT

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Monitoring and researching bat activity at wind turbines with near infrared videography

FORT Contact: 
Paul Cryan
Authors: 
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, and F.J. Bonaccorso
Related Staff: 
Paul Cryan
Publication Date: 
2011
Updated Date (text): 
2012-05-03
Parent Publication Title: 
18th Annual Conference of the Wildlife Society Waikoloa, HI 5-10 November 2011
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2011/0142 FORT

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Foraging segregation expressed by hydrogen isotope values: new insights into the ecology of modern and ancient seabirds

FORT Contact: 
Craig Stricker
Authors: 
Ostrom, P.H., C.A. Stricker, A.W. Wiley, and H.F. James
Related Staff: 
Craig Stricker
Updated Date (text): 
2011-11-09
Parent Publication Title: 
38th Meeting of the Pacific Seabird Group
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Summary and analysis of the U.S. government Bat Banding Program

FORT Contact: 
Laura Ellison
Authors: 
Ellison, L.E
Related Staff: 
Laura Ellison
Publication Date: 
2008
Updated Date (text): 
2012-01-13
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
2008/0132 FORT

Pub Abstract: 

This report summarizes the U.S. Government Bat Banding Program (BBP) from 1932 to 1972. More than 2 million bands were issued during the program, of which approximately 1.5 million bands were applied to 36 bat species by scientists in many locations in North America including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Central America. Throughout the BBP, banders noticed numerous and deleterious effects on bats, leading to a moratorium on bat banding by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and a resolution to cease banding by the American Society of Mammalogists in 1973. One of the main points of the memorandum written to justify the moratorium was to conduct a "detailed evaluation of the files of the bat-banding program." However, a critical and detailed evaluation of the BBP was never completed. In an effort to satisfy this need, I compiled a detailed history of the BBP by examining the files and conducting a literature review on bat banding activities during the program. I also provided a case study in managing data and applying current mark-recapture theory to estimate survival using the information from a series of bat bands issued to Clyde M. Senger during the BBP. The majority of bands applied by Senger were to Townsend's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii), a species of special concern for many states within its geographic range. I developed a database management system for the bat banding records and then analyzed and modeled survival of hibernating Townsend's big-eared bats at three main locations in Washington State using Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) open models and the modeling capabilities of Program MARK. This analysis of a select dataset in the BBP files provided relatively precise estimates of survival for wintering Townsend's big-eared bats. However, this dataset is unique due to its well-maintained and complete state and because there were high recapture rates over the course of banding; it is doubtful that other unpublished datasets of the same quality exist buried in the BBP files for further analyses. Lastly, I make several recommendations based on the findings of this summary and analysis, the most important of which is that marking bats with standard metal or split-ring forearm bands should not be considered for mark-recapture studies unless the information sought and the potential for obtaining unbiased estimates from that information vastly outweighs the potential negative effects to the bats.

Publication Title: 

Impact of disease on the extinction of native Hawaiian forest birds

FORT Contact: 
William Iko
Authors: 
Atkinson, C.T., W.M. Iko, R.J. Dusek and D. LaPointe
Related Staff: 
William Iko
Publication Date: 
1995
Updated Date (text): 
2008-09-24
Parent Publication Title: 
Poster Presentation at the 9th Annual Meeting: Society for Conservation Biology, 7-11 June 1995, Colorado State University
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
1995/0240 MESC
States: 

Pub Abstract: 
Publication Title: 

Organochlorine pollutants in small cetaceans from the Pacific and South Atlantic Oceans, November 1968-June 1976

FORT Contact: 
Tom O'Shea
Authors: 
O’Shea, T.J., R.L. Brownell, Jr., D.R. Clark, Jr., W.A. Walker, M.L. Gay, and T.G. Lamont
Related Staff: 
Tom O'Shea
Publication Date: 
1980
Updated Date (text): 
2008-08-19
Parent Publication Title: 
Pesticides Monitoring Journal
Publication Type: 
Archive number: 
1980/W106 WELUT
States: 

Pub Abstract: 

Pages