Economic Impacts of Ecosystem Restoration

Federal investments in ecosystem restoration projects protect Federal trusts, ensure public health and safety, and preserve and enhance essential ecosystem services. These investments also generate business activity and create jobs. The Economic Impacts of Ecosystem Restoration project aims to increase the availability of information on the costs and activities associated with ecosystem restoration, and to gauge the economic effects of these investments to local economies.
 
This website provides case studies of Department of Interior (DOI) restoration projects associated with Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) cases, and Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and National Park Service (NPS) lands and resources. The case studies demonstrate how investments in ecosystem restoration support jobs and livelihoods, small businesses, and rural economies, and tell personalized stories about each project and the communities that are positively affected by restoration activities.
 
The economic impacts of ecosystem restoration project is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey Social and Economic Analysis Branch, the DOI Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Program, DOI Office of Policy Analysis, and the BLM Socioeconomics Program. 

Contact(s): Catherine M Cullinane Thomas, Christopher C Huber.

Blanca Wetlands Restoration


Project Period: 1960-

Location: Colorado

Restoration Type: Wetland Restoration

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $79,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Burley Landscape Sage Grouse Habitat Restoration


Project Period: 2008-2014

Location: Idaho

Restoration Type: Sage-grouse habitat,Sagebrush restoration,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,395,000

Job-Years: 41.8 (30.0 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,605,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $1,901,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $3,149,000 ($2.3M per $1M)



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California Gulch NRDAR Arkansas River In-Stream Habitat Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2014

Location: Colorado

Restoration Type: In-stream restoration

Lead Agency: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $3,244,000

Job-Years: 49.5 (15.3 per $1M)

Labor Income: $3,119,000 ($961K per $1M)

Value Added: $4,600,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $9,060,000 ($2.8M per $1M)



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California Gulch NRDAR Canterbury Tunnel Restoration


Project Period: 2012-2012

Location: Colorado

Restoration Type: Water infrastructure improvement

Lead Agency: Parkville Water District

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,674,000

Job-Years: 21.6 (12.9 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,461,000 ($873K per $1M)

Value Added: $2,325,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $4,462,000 ($2.7M per $1M)



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California Gulch NRDAR Dinero Tunnel Acid-Mine Drainage Pathway Elimination Restoration


Project Period: 2006-2014

Location: Colorado

Restoration Type: Acid mine drainage abatement

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,294,000

Job-Years: 24.3 (18.8 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,472,000 ($1.1M per $1M)

Value Added: $1,988,000 ($1.5M per $1M)

Economic Output: $3,767,000 ($2.9M per $1M)



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Color Country Duncan Creek Restoration


Project Period: 2012-2012

Location: Utah

Restoration Type: Watershed restoration,Sagebrush restoration,Sagebrush restoration,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,039,000

Job-Years: 18.4 (17.7 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,051,000 ($1.0M per $1M)

Value Added: $1,372,000 ($1.3M per $1M)

Economic Output: $2,624,000 ($2.5M per $1M)



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Color Country South Beaver Restoration


Project Period: 2006-2011

Location: Utah

Restoration Type: Sagebrush restoration,Watershed restoration,Sage-grouse habitat,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $3,491,000

Job-Years: 59.4 (17.0 per $1M)

Labor Income: $3,508,000 ($1.0M per $1M)

Value Added: $4,635,000 ($1.3M per $1M)

Economic Output: $7,838,000 ($2.2M per $1M)



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Color Country South Canyon Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2013

Location: Utah

Restoration Type: Sagebrush restoration,Watershed restoration,Sage-grouse habitat,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $3,546,000

Job-Years: 59.8 (16.9 per $1M)

Labor Income: $3,616,000 ($1.0M per $1M)

Value Added: $4,629,000 ($1.3M per $1M)

Economic Output: $8,755,000 ($2.5M per $1M)



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Color Country Upper Kanab Creek Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2013

Location: Utah

Restoration Type: Watershed restoration,Sagebrush restoration,Sage-grouse habitat,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,026,000

Job-Years: 18.1 (17.6 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,103,000 ($1.1M per $1M)

Value Added: $1,344,000 ($1.3M per $1M)

Economic Output: $2,587,000 ($2.5M per $1M)



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Conservation Easements Along the Housatonic River


Project Period: 2011-2015

Location: Connecticut

Restoration Type: Riparian restoration,Farmland Preservation

Lead Agency: The Nature Conservancy,Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $61,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge NRDAR Prairie Restoration


Project Period: 2014-2014

Location: Illinois

Restoration Type: Prairie restoration

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $42,000

Job-Years: 0.9 (21.4 per $1M)

Labor Income: $46,000 ($1.1M per $1M)

Value Added: $75,000 ($1.8M per $1M)

Economic Output: $143,000 ($3.4M per $1M)



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Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge NRDAR Wastewater Treatment Plant Remediation & Restoration


Project Period: 1991-2009

Location: Illinois

Restoration Type: Hazardous structure removal

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $9,101,000

Job-Years: 139.4 (15.3 per $1M)

Labor Income: $8,789,000 ($966K per $1M)

Value Added: $13,242,000 ($1.5M per $1M)

Economic Output: $21,781,000 ($2.4M per $1M)



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Gerber Stew Stewardship Project


Project Period: 2004-2011

Location: Oregon

Restoration Type: Forest Restoration,Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $3,122,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Glacial Ridge Prairie and Wetland Restoration


Project Period: 2001-2011

Location: Minnesota

Restoration Type: Prairie restoration,Wetland Restoration

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service,The Nature Conservancy,Natural Resource Conservation Service

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $25,321,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Jaite Paper Mill Demolition


Project Period: 2004-2006

Location: Ohio

Restoration Type: Hazardous structure removal

Lead Agency: National Park Service

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $2,016,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Las Cienegas Grassland Restoration


Project Period: 2009-2010

Location: Arizona

Restoration Type: Grassland Restoration,Invasive weed management

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,614,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Lone Mountain NRDAR Acid Mine Drainage Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Virginia

Restoration Type: Acid mine drainage abatement

Lead Agency: Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $465,000

Job-Years: 7.1 (15.3 per $1M)

Labor Income: $455,000 ($978K per $1M)

Value Added: $655,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $1,236,000 ($2.7M per $1M)



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Lone Mountain NRDAR Endangered Fish Restoration


Project Period: 2004-2014

Location: Virginia

Restoration Type: Aquatic species propagation

Lead Agency: Conservation Fisheries, Inc.,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $177,000

Job-Years: 5.6 (31.6 per $1M)

Labor Income: $259,000 ($1.5M per $1M)

Value Added: $313,000 ($1.8M per $1M)

Economic Output: $529,000 ($3.0M per $1M)



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Lone Mountain NRDAR Fresh Water Mussel Restoration


Project Period: 2004-2012

Location: Virginia

Restoration Type: Aquatic species propagation

Lead Agency: Virginia Tech Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Center,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $697,000

Job-Years: 21.2 (30.4 per $1M)

Labor Income: $962,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Value Added: $1,191,000 ($1.7M per $1M)

Economic Output: $1,948,000 ($2.8M per $1M)



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Lone Mountain NRDAR Pennington Gap Riparian Restoration and Community Park Development Restoration


Project Period: 2011-2014

Location: Virginia

Restoration Type: Education and Community Use Project,Riparian restoration

Lead Agency: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,The Upper Tennessee River Roundtable

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $93,000

Job-Years: 1.6 (17.2 per $1M)

Labor Income: $95,000 ($1.0M per $1M)

Value Added: $138,000 ($1.5M per $1M)

Economic Output: $239,000 ($2.6M per $1M)



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Lone Mountain NRDAR Tipple Site Riparian Restoration and Outdoor Classroom Restoration


Project Period: 2011-2014

Location: Virginia

Restoration Type: Riparian restoration,Education and Community Use Project

Lead Agency: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,The Upper Tennessee River Roundtable

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $169,000

Job-Years: 3.0 (17.8 per $1M)

Labor Income: $164,000 ($970K per $1M)

Value Added: $244,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $421,000 ($2.5M per $1M)



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Ni-les'tun Tidal Marsh Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oregon

Restoration Type: Tidal Marsh Restoration

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS),Ducks Unlimited

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,725,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Piping Plover Nesting Habitat Management Program


Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Rhode Island

Restoration Type: Education and Community Use Project

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS),The Nature Conservancy

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $137,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Long Draw Fire


Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Oregon

Restoration Type: Post-fire restoration

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $5,525,000

Job-Years: 89.5 (16.2 per $1M)

Labor Income: $5,263,000 ($953K per $1M)

Value Added: $6,713,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Economic Output: $13,514,000 ($2.4M per $1M)



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Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Miller Homestead Fire


Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Oregon

Restoration Type: Post-fire restoration

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $2,512,000

Job-Years: 37.6 (15.0 per $1M)

Labor Income: $2,014,000 ($802K per $1M)

Value Added: $2,968,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Economic Output: $6,645,000 ($2.6M per $1M)



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Southern NV Public Land Management Act Pioche/Caselton Wildland Urban Interface Project


Project Period: 2012-2013

Location: Nevada

Restoration Type: Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $496,000

Job-Years: 9.7 (19.6 per $1M)

Labor Income: $572,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $688,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $1,198,000 ($2.4M per $1M)



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Southern NV Public Land Management Act Steptoe Valley Weed Inventory, Education, and Treatment


Project Period: 2008-2012

Location: Nevada

Restoration Type: Invasive weed management

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $635,000

Job-Years: 20.4 (32.1 per $1M)

Labor Income: $781,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $889,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $1,483,000 ($2.3M per $1M)



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Truckee River Restoration Project


Project Period: 2006-2010

Location: Nevada

Restoration Type: In-stream restoration,River Rechanneling,Riparian restoration

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM),The Nature Conservancy

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $19,879,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Twin Falls District Sagebrush Restoration


Project Period: 2009-2014

Location: Idaho

Restoration Type: Sagebrush restoration

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $1,475,000

Job-Years: 33.9 (23.0 per $1M)

Labor Income: $1,808,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $2,008,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $3,772,000 ($2.6M per $1M)



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Watts Branch Urban Stream Restoration


Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Washington, D.C.

Restoration Type: In-stream restoration,Riparian restoration

Lead Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

National Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $3,224,000

Job-Years: Not Available

Labor Income: Not Available

Value Added: Not Available

Economic Output: Not Available



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Zuni Mountains Forest Restoration Project


Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: New Mexico

Restoration Type: Fuels reduction project

Lead Agency: Bureau of Land Management (BLM),Bureau of Land Management

Western States Economic Impacts (2014 dollars):

Total Project Expenditures: $87,000

Job-Years: 2.5 (28.7 per $1M)

Labor Income: $103,000 ($1.2M per $1M)

Value Added: $121,000 ($1.4M per $1M)

Economic Output: $218,000 ($2.5M per $1M)



Read more about project information and local economic impacts